Black mambas (Dedroaspis polylepis) are also known as the black mother mamba, deep-browed mamba, or black mamba and are some of the most vegomorous in the world.
The Black Mamba sпake is the largest vehicle in Africa and the second largest vehicle in the world, the only other larger vehicle being the Kig Cobra.
The black mamba is farmed in eastern Africa, from southern Ethiopia to southwestern Africa.
– CHARACTERISTICS –
Adult black mambas have an average length of 2.5 meters (8.2 ft) and a maximum length of 4.5 meters (14 ft).
The black mamba gets its name from the black coloration on the inside of its mouth, rather than its ski color, which is a gray to olive-green color.
The black mamba ray is the fastest moving ray in the world, capable of moving up to 20 kilometers per hour (12.5 miles per hour). However, it uses this speed to escape the dagger, instead of catching its prey.
– HABITAT –
Black mambas mainly live in shrubs and small trees, although they are not considered an arboreal species.
– BEHAVIOR AND DIET –
Black mambas launch their flights in holes in the ground, in burrows usually broken up or hidden deep among fallen rocks or wood.
These hiding spots are also where the lightning bolt flees to if alarmed, and it will attack any creatures that block the path to its hole.
Like all reptiles, the black mamba is cold-blooded and relies on external heat to maintain its body temperature.
It therefore frequently basks in the straw during the day, either from a low branch or a rock, however during the summer the stem may be forced to take cover on its forehead if it gets too hot. .
If left disturbed, the Black Mamba tends to live in their dens for long periods of time, which are often insect mosses or hollow trees.
Black mamba rays are diurnal rays that actively hunt for prey day or night. When hunting small game, the black mamba delivers a single killing bite and retreats, hoping the perotoxi in its venom will paralyze the prey.
However, when it kills a bird, the black mamba will latch on to its prey, preventing it from flying away.
Black mamba rays travel quickly across rough ground or along the low branches of trees where they embrace.
Black mamba rays are capable of holding their heads up to one meter above the ground where they strike and can hold their heads 50 centimeters above the ground when moving.
Black mambas have very good eyesight and can attack their prey such as rodents, bats, birds and lizards as if they were lights, releasing their powerful venom to finish the kill.
– REPRODUCTION –
Breeding usually takes place in late spring or early summer. After mating, the male will retire to his own home.
The female will lay between 10 and 25 eggs, usually decaying vegetation.
Decomposing vegetation gives off heat, which helps warm the eggs and speed up hatching time. The egg shells allow water and oxygen to reach the developing embryos.
Black mamba hatchlings are 51 centimeters tall and greyish-green in color. The young break away immediately and can take prey the size of a small rat. After a year they reach 2 meters.
Young black mambas are preyed upon by mogotas, and at night, black mambas are eaten by the secretary bird and larger species of eagle.
– POISON –
Black mamba speakers are among the most far-seeing speakers in the world.
The black mamba snake has more than three times the speed of the Cape cobra, more than five times the speed of the Kig cobra, and about forty times the speed of the Gaboo viper.
Black mamba venom contains powerful and rapid toxic (disrupts the formal activity of the nervous system) and cardiotoxic (causes damage to the heart muscle) effects, including excavation of calcisepsis.
The Black Mambas bite releases around 100 to 120 milligrams of venom on average, however it can deliver up to 400 milligrams of venom, 10 to 15 milligrams is deadly for an adult.
Venom is injected through two hollow butts in the front of its mouth that lie flat until the stick bites, at which point the small, movable mouths erect them. The poison causes rapid paralysis.
Enzymes in the saliva of the eggs begin to digest the prey before it reaches the stomach, and most prey is digested within a few hours.
In the case of injuries, the initial symptom of a bite is local pain in the area of the bite, although it is not as serious as hemotoxic (toxins that destroy red blood cells).
The victim then experiences a feeling of fullness in the extremities, drooping eyelids (palpebral ptosis), blurred vision, sweating, excessive salivation, and lack of muscle control (specifically the mouth and tip).
If the victim does not receive medical attention, symptoms rapidly progress to paralysis, difficulty breathing, confusion, and paralysis.
Eventually, the victim experiences contractions, respiratory failure, and a coma and dies of suffocation as a result of the paralysis of the muscles used for breathing.
Without treatment, the mortality rate is 100%, the highest among all vehicular diseases in the world.